电影视频片段英文对白在线阅读
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片段视频英文解说词

http://liveglish.siteem.com/import-2907

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This pagoda was originally built in
wood in the year 704 at the specific

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request of the monk X uanzong,

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hero of the famous Monkey King
legend 'Journey to the West'.

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It was built to house the sacred
Buddhist texts

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which he had brought back from India.

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Though originally wooden, it was
later rebuilt in brick and stone.

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An endless variety of pagodas were
built in China,

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and eventually the original meaning
as a shrine containing a holy relic

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was diminished.

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In China the pagoda evolved into both
a practical watch tower

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and a defense against evil spirits.

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Pagodas could be seen at a great
distance to aid travelers.

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And almost every town or city in
ancient China had at least one

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pagoda built in the North-east corner
of the town

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to block the entry of evil spirits
coming from that inauspicious

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"devil direction".

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One emperor took the on architectural
legacy

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of his ancestors, and outdid them all.

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The vision of the Emperor Yongle was
most grandiose in Chinese history.

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We can find a monument to this vision
in an unlikely place.

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The Yangshan stone tablet, nestled the
hills outside the old capital of

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Nanjing in southeastern China,

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is not described in tourist guidebooks

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and even many Chinese living
in Nanjing don't know about it.

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Probably because it's just a rock.

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But what a rock!

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The site is an old imperial quarry.

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The emperor Yongle, who ruled in the
early 15th century, wanted to

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construct the grandest tomb imaginable
for his father, Hongwu, the founder

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of the Ming dynasty.

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So in this quarry, he ordered the
construction of a headstone in

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three parts -

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base, tablet and cap stone.

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It was to be the biggest memorial in
the world.

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Court engineers designed a tablet that
would have been 85 meters

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or 256 feet high -

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longer than a 747 passenger plane.

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Thousands of workers spent years of
unimaginable labor carving the

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stone from the mountain.

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It was only then they began to think
about how they were going to

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move the tablet to the gravesite.

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It weighs 31,000 tons, and even with
today's technology

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there is probably no way
it could be easily moved.

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In the end, the emperor Yongle
conceded failure,

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but he had many other grand building
projects in mind,

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and, as we see from this rock, Yongle,
never did anything in a small way.

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Because he had wrested the throne away
from a rightful heir,

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he took pains to show filial piety.

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And so for his mother he built the
famous porcelain pagoda of Nanjing.

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Destroyed in the last century;

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it is still remembered today as one of
the great wonders of the world

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during the middle ages.

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Its fame inspired countless imitations
in European gardens,

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like this pagoda in the royal gardens
at Kew in England.

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When Yongle moved his capital to
from Nanjing to Beijing,

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he envisioned a magnificent shining
city rising out of the plain,

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built on the spot where Khubilai Khan
had set his winter capital.

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At its center would be the imperial
city, facing south,

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and just south of the city would be a
fabulous temple at which he

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could pray to heaven.

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Countless workers and artisans turned
Yongle's dream into reality.

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Craftsmen from throughout the land
came to adorn the city with

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symbolic detail,

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such as nine rows of nine knobs on all
the doors,

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screens of nine dragons,

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and pairs of lions to guard important
halls.

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Again we see the symbolic importance
of the number nine -

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the largest odd integer, representing
the emperor.

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After Yongle, twenty-three emperors
spanning nearly five hundred years

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ruled from this palace and worshipped
at this altar.

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Yongle named his palace the purple
forbidden city -

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alluding to the purple pole Star,

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which we have seen is a celestial
metaphor for the emperor's pivotal role

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in the terrestrial world.

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But this is his masterpiece:

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the Temple of Heaven.

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The whole park was designed to create
a dialogue between man and heaven;

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a dialogue transmitted through the
emperor with his Mantle and

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mandate of Heaven.

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Here, at the winter solstice, the
emperor performed his most

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important task:

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to pay homage and to report to
Heaven on the state of the realm.

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During the two-day service,

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all traffic in Beijing stopped and all
windows and doors were closed

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while the emperor proceeded from the
forbidden city to the temple.

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The temple complex consists of three
sections on a north-south axis: